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India is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Country which is part of the Asian Continent. It has the mighty Himalayan Ranges to its North and is a peninsula Covered by Water bodies on the 3 sides. It attained its Independence from the British on 15th August 1947 and was a Republic on 26th January 1950. The Country comprises of 29 States and 7 Union Territories. New Delhi is the Capital of the Country with all the Governing body head quartered there. Mumbai is known as the Financial capital of the country.

  • Area: With an area of 32,87,240 Sq. Km. India is the Seventh Largest country in the world.
  • Location: India lies to the North of the Equator in Southern Asia.
  • Population: With 1.35 billion in population it is second only to China and will overtake them in the next 10 years.
  • Life Expectancy: 66.9 years (Men) and 69.9 years (Women)
  • Languages: Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Meitei, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
  • Total Land Border: 15,106 Km
  • Coastline: 7,517 Km
  • Border Sharing Countries: 7 (Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan, Afghanistan)
  • Largest State: Rajasthan (3,42,239 Sq.Km.)
  • Smallest State: Goa (3,702 Sq.Km.)
  • Wettest Place: Cherrapunji in the state of Meghalaya holds the record for the highest rainfall in the world so it is also known as the wettest place on Earth.
  • Highest Point: Mount Kanchenjunga at 28,169 feet (8586m).
  • Farthest points: North- Siachen Glacier; South- Indira Point, Nicobar Island; East- Kibithu, Arunachal Pradesh; West- Guhar Moti, Gujarat)
  • Political System and Government: Largest Democracy implemented by the constitution with bicarmel Parliament. The Country has a Federal structure with elected State Governments.
  • Chief of State: President, Mr. Ram Nath Kovind (since July 2017)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi (since May 2014)
  • Religions: Hindu, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism.
  • Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
  • Gross Domestic Product(GDP): An economy of $2.597 trilllion has made India the 6th largest in the World.
  • Foreign Exchange: India’s Foreign exchange reserves were $405.14 billion in the week upto July, 2018.
  • Foreign Direct Investment(FDI): FDI for 2017-18 were $44.86 billion
  • Gross Value Added composition: Servives: 53.9%; Industries- 29.1%; Agricultutre- 17%
  • Fiscal Year: April 01 – March 31
  • Airports: The Airport Authority of India (AAI) manages 125 airports in the country, which includes 11 International Airports, 8 customs Airport, 81 Domestic Airports and 25 civil enclaves at Defence Air fields.
  • Some Important Airports: Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bengaluru, Chennai, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Thiruvananthapura, Port Blair, Srinagar, Jaipur, Nagpur, Calicut.
  • Railways: The Indian Railways network is spread over 1,08,706 Km, with 12, 617 passenger and 7,421 freight trains plying from 7,172 Railway Stations each day carrying 23 million passengers and 3 million tonnes of freight daily.
  • Roadways: The Indian Road network of 4.87 million Km is the second Largest in the world. The number of vehicles are growing with a pace of 10.16 percent every year.
  • Important Ports: Chennai, Ennore, Haldia, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT), Kolkata, Deen Dayal, Kochi, Karwar, Mormugao, Mumbai, New Managalore, Paradip, Tuticoin, Vishakapatnam.

Source: https://www.ibef.org/economy/indiasnapshot/about-india-at-a-glance

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