GK Article

India is a Sovereign, Secular, Democratic Country which is part of the Asian Continent. It has the mighty Himalayan Ranges to its North and is a peninsula Covered by Water bodies on the 3 sides. It attained its Independence from the British on 15th August 1947 and was a Republic on 26th January 1950. The Country comprises of 29 States and 7 Union Territories. New Delhi is the Capital of the Country with all the Governing body head quartered there. Mumbai is known as the Financial capital of the country.

  • Area: With an area of 32,87,240 Sq. Km. India is the Seventh Largest country in the world.
  • Location: India lies to the North of the Equator in Southern Asia.
  • Population: With 1.35 billion in population it is second only to China and will overtake them in the next 10 years.
  • Life Expectancy: 66.9 years (Men) and 69.9 years (Women)
  • Languages: Hindi, English, Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Marathi, Meitei, Nepali, Odia, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.
  • Total Land Border: 15,106 Km
  • Coastline: 7,517 Km
  • Border Sharing Countries: 7 (Bangladesh, China, Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Bhutan, Afghanistan)
  • Largest State: Rajasthan (3,42,239 Sq.Km.)
  • Smallest State: Goa (3,702 Sq.Km.)
  • Wettest Place: Cherrapunji in the state of Meghalaya holds the record for the highest rainfall in the world so it is also known as the wettest place on Earth.
  • Highest Point: Mount Kanchenjunga at 28,169 feet (8586m).
  • Farthest points: North- Siachen Glacier; South- Indira Point, Nicobar Island; East- Kibithu, Arunachal Pradesh; West- Guhar Moti, Gujarat)
  • Political System and Government: Largest Democracy implemented by the constitution with bicarmel Parliament. The Country has a Federal structure with elected State Governments.
  • Chief of State: President, Mr. Ram Nath Kovind (since July 2017)
  • Head of Government: Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi (since May 2014)
  • Religions: Hindu, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism.
  • Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)
  • Gross Domestic Product(GDP): An economy of $2.597 trilllion has made India the 6th largest in the World.
  • Foreign Exchange: India’s Foreign exchange reserves were $405.14 billion in the week upto July, 2018.
  • Foreign Direct Investment(FDI): FDI for 2017-18 were $44.86 billion
  • Gross Value Added composition: Servives: 53.9%; Industries- 29.1%; Agricultutre- 17%
  • Fiscal Year: April 01 – March 31
  • Airports: The Airport Authority of India (AAI) manages 125 airports in the country, which includes 11 International Airports, 8 customs Airport, 81 Domestic Airports and 25 civil enclaves at Defence Air fields.
  • Some Important Airports: Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bengaluru, Chennai, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Thiruvananthapura, Port Blair, Srinagar, Jaipur, Nagpur, Calicut.
  • Railways: The Indian Railways network is spread over 1,08,706 Km, with 12, 617 passenger and 7,421 freight trains plying from 7,172 Railway Stations each day carrying 23 million passengers and 3 million tonnes of freight daily.
  • Roadways: The Indian Road network of 4.87 million Km is the second Largest in the world. The number of vehicles are growing with a pace of 10.16 percent every year.
  • Important Ports: Chennai, Ennore, Haldia, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT), Kolkata, Deen Dayal, Kochi, Karwar, Mormugao, Mumbai, New Managalore, Paradip, Tuticoin, Vishakapatnam.

Source: https://www.ibef.org/economy/indiasnapshot/about-india-at-a-glance

1. Imran Khan was sworn-in as the Prime Minister of Pakistan. He is a leader of which Political Party?

  • a) Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf
  • b) Pakistan Muslim League – Nawaz
  • c) Pakistan People's Party Parliamentarians
  • d) Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal Pakistan

2. The Startup India Yatra was launched in which state on July 30?

  • a) Telangana
  • b) Jharkhand
  • c) Chhattisgarh
  • d) Odisha

3. India’s first in-phone tourism guide and mobile application “Go whats That” has launched in which city?

  • a) New Delhi
  • b) Pune
  • c) Chandigarh
  • d) Lucknow

4. Which Indian state has become the first one to implement biofuel policy?

  • a) Kerala
  • b) Karnataka
  • c) Rajasthan
  • d) Uttarakhand

5. The museum for all former Prime Ministers of India will be constructed in which city?

  • a) New Delhi
  • b) Gandhinagar
  • c) Lucknow
  • d) Kolkata

6. Which institution recently ruled that Assam-NRC Draft cannot be basis of any action?

  • a) Prime Minister
  • b) Election Commission
  • c) President
  • d) Supreme Court

7. Which Indian city, known as the walled city, has been proposed for UNESCO World Heritage tag?

  • a) Lucknow
  • b) Jaipur
  • c) Delhi
  • d) Mathura

8. Which state recently signed MoU to build its first Cow Sanctuary?

  • a) Haryana
  • b) Punjab
  • c) Gujarat
  • d) Rajasthan

9. The Union government constituted which high-level committee to check mob lynching?

  • a) Rajiv Gauba committee
  • b) Rajnath Singh committee
  • c) Sushil Modi committee
  • d) Piyush Goyal committee

10. Name the Indians who won the 2018 Ramon Magsaysay Award?

  • a) Nileema Mishra and Arvind Kejriwal
  • b) Sanjiv Chaturvedi and Deep Joshi
  • c) Bharat Vatwani and Sonam Wangchuk
  • d) Harish Hande and Kulandei Francis

11. Which city hosted the BRICS Summit 2018?

  • a) New Delhi
  • b) Johannesburg
  • c) Beijing
  • d) Moscow

12. A massive underground lake has been detected for the first time on which planet?

  • a) Jupiter
  • b) Saturn
  • c) Mars
  • d) Moon

13. India’s first state-run all-woman hotel will soon come up in which state?

  • a) Kerala
  • b) Karnataka
  • c) Goa
  • d) Uttarakhand

14. Which country has decided to remove five zeroes from ailing currency?

  • a) Spain
  • b) Brazil
  • c) Mexico
  • d) Venezuela

15. RBI will soon issue new 100 Rupee notes with motif of which UNESCO World Heritage site?

  • a) Rani Ki Vav
  • b) Sun Temple
  • c) Taj Mahal
  • d) Sanchi Stupa

16. Pawan Shah, who is in news recently, is associated with which sports?

  • a) Badminton
  • b) Cricket
  • c) Hockey
  • d) Basketball

17. Who is the author of the book “The Dhoni Touch: Unravelling the Enigma That Is Mahendra Singh Dhoni”?

  • a) Nuwan Kulasekara
  • b) Vijaya Kumar
  • c) Jagdish Singh Rajput
  • d) Bharat Sundaresan

18. Who has won the 2018 Formula 1 German Grand Prix tournament?

  • a) Kimi Raikkonen
  • b) Sebastian Vettel
  • c) Valtteri Bottas
  • d) Lewis Hamilton

19. Which Indian personality has been crowned the Miss Asia (Deaf) 2018?

  • a) Deshna Jain
  • b) Pratista Sharma
  • c) Sonali Bhargav
  • d) Chandra Prabha Kumari

20. Which of the following is the official mascot for the 2020 Tokyo Paralympic Games?

  • a) Someity
  • b) Keito
  • c) Zabivaka
  • d) Miraitowa

About:

According to the Indian Constitution a Government should always have Majority support in the Parliament to be in Power. A No Confidence Motion is passed if it is felt that the Government doesn’t hold majority. The Government has to then demonstrate its Majority on the floor. No Confidence Motion can be raised by any Member of the Parliament in the Lower House (Lok Sabha) with support of at least 50 MP’s.

Under such circumstances the Prime Minister has to prove his Majority in the House. Failing to which the Motion gets passed and the Council of Minister have to resign. The President then invites another person to prove Majority and form the Government.

1. The Buland Darwaza was built to mark Akbar’s conquest of?

  • A. Awadh
  • B. MalwaC. Gujarat
  • C. Gujarat
  • D. Chittor

WhatsApp limits message forwarding to 5 chats in India to check rumours, fake news

  • • Under pressure to stop rumours and fake news triggering horrific lynching incidents, WhatsApp on July 20, 2018 announced to limit forwarding messages to five chats at once.

On Thursday, athlete Hima Das made history by becoming India's first ever track and field gold medallist at the IAAF World Championships, when she aced the women's 400 m event at the IAAF World U-20 Championships in Tampere, Finland. The 18-year-old clocked 51.46 seconds, edging out Romania's Andrea Milkos (silver) and America's Taylor Manson (bronze).

Early Life

Hima Das becomes first Indian woman to win gold in World Junior Athletics

  • Indian sprinter Hima Das, on July 12, 2018, became the first Indian woman athlete to win a gold medal in the women's 400m final race at the IAAF World Under-20 Athletics Championships, held in Tampere, Finland.

NMIMS (Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies) and SIBM (Symbiosis Institute of Business Management) are the two institutes which are often compared with the newer IIMs, which are included in the CAP (this is different from Govt/ Maharashtra CAP) that includes GD, PI and WAT. Is brand ‘IIM’ better as compared these two reputed B – schools? Let’s understand certain factors at NMIMS – vs – new IIMs – vs – SIBM.

India overtook France to become the world’s 6th largest economy, as per World Bank data on the gross domestic product (GDP) of countries for 2017.

The data revealed that India recorded a GDP of USD 2,597,491 million in 2017, while France recorded a GDP of USD 2,582,501. India is now placed just below the United, which recorded a GDP of USD 2,622,434 million in the same period.

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